Sunday, September 26, 2010

Maker Faire

I am on my way to Maker Faire in New York City! I may see OLPC's SJ there.

Top three things on my schedule:

* Squishy Play-Doh Circuits (also seeing sewn and papercraft electronics)

* Africa and Unconventional Industrialization - talk about getting Africa's skilled craftsmen and craftswomen into this higher-tech form of arts & crafts, from MakerFaire Africa

* ArcAttack - music with Tesla coils!

Monday, September 20, 2010

Cross-Post to Kasiisi Blog

Nick Doiron, now a senior at Carnegie Mellon University, taught P5, P6, and P7 classes at Kasiisi Primary School.

When I found myself in Entebbe Airport at midnight, I couldn't help but wonder what I had gotten myself into. I hadn't taught a class since a 6th grade project. I didn't speak Luganda or Rutooro. What followed was amazing, overwhelming, and the best summer one could hope for.

The main goal of my class was to encourage teachers and students to think differently about technology. Kasiisi now has 160 XO laptops from One Laptop Per Child, enough to teach all of the students in P5 or P6 at one time. Not too long ago technology would be a rarity, but in today's Uganda, millions are already using mobile phones and internet services. A computer-literate student will have the potential not just to use these technologies, but one day help design them for local businesses and innovations. For this reason, students must learn to be more than computer users. Instead, they encounter ways computers can help them as readers, as mapmakers, and as junior scientists.

A few years ago, I visited Japan with my high school classmates. When I saw the students reading Sadako together in literacy circle, I had to share my experience and tell them more about Japanese culture. When the students moved on to The Color of My Words, I listened to their reading and helped with some Spanish words. These books are a fantastic way for the teachers and students to find out more about how many different cultures and stories there are to explore in the world.

With the laptops, I could show them photos and resources about the people and places in the books. Here was an article about the real Sadako, and her heroic statue in Hiroshima. Articles about new books and authors in the library encouraged students to read ambitiously on their own, discovering characters and stories which their classmates and teachers might not know.

A world map covers one wall of the Kasiisi School library. Even at this scale, it is difficult to point out more than a few features of Uganda. Adding computerized maps of Kasiisi and several cities in Uganda has changed the way maps are taught. Suddenly the square labeled 'FORT PORTAL' became the familiar sprawl of roads and shops, and a corner under the L revealed the students' school, the road home, and the wells where they get water.

The students learned to make this map their own by taking their own photos, posting them, and writing descriptions.

I also biked to Rweteera School to teach maps the old-fashioned way: paper, pencils, and stickers. All kids love stickers. The kids in P7 were thrilled to see their town on a satellite map, and creatively interpreted it with four different maps.

You may have read about the Water Testing Class while I was in Uganda.

We also used light and temperature sensors to show that computers can sense their environment. It was also an opportunity to teach about graphs. You can wave your hand over a light sensor and see waves appear onscreen in real time.

With aluminum foil and wires, the students could make their own simple sensors. This sensor detects when a pair of pliers is squeezed.

I wanted to show some newer technology to further push the idea that computers can connect with real-world items, so we used an RFID reader (similar to a barcode scanner). The students drew their favorite sports stars, faraway places, and forest animals, then attached stickers. The stickers connected their drawing to a description and the artist's name onscreen. This sensor was complex, but the students understood right away. They were quite happy to see the computer was recognizing their work.

There is such a marked difference when you can show the students how their computers can interact with the environment around them, even work with sensors they've built themselves, and give students a new visual perspective of their own community. Each one of these projects could be opened up for more lessons with the students. With any luck, I hope to return to Kasiisi someday and see laptops open on desks in reading and science classes, with a world full of stories and information available to them.

You can read the full story on my blog.

Wednesday, September 8, 2010

Where next?

Back in the US, leaving me to wonder... where next?
I don't know yet.

1st photo by One Laptop Per Child

2nd photo by Ulet Ifansasti/Getty Images, via the Boston Globe's Big Picture

Sunday, September 5, 2010